PHOENIX — State representatives voted Wednesday to let any Arizona youngster get state funds to attend a private or parochial school.
The party-line vote for universal vouchers for all 1.1 million students came even after the Republican majority removed the one bit of accountability that had been inserted in the original plan: a requirement for annual testing of the students who get those tax dollars. Rep. Jake Hoffman, R-Queen Creek, who moved to delete the requirement, said what’s happening at private schools is none of the government’s business, even if the test results would not be made public.
But Rep. Kelli Butler, D-Paradise Valley, said the fact that tax dollars will be flowing to those schools is precisely what gives the state an interest.
“We will not know if students are using our tax dollars — $7,000 is the typical award — if they’re using that money to learn anything,” she said.
House Majority Leader Ben Toma, R-Peoria, who crafted House Bill 2853, said those who demand testing of students in private schools, even if their tuition is being partly or fully funded with state tax dollars, are missing a key point.
“Parents are the ultimate accountability, not government,” he said. “They know what’s best for their children and we should trust them to do the right thing.”
The Senate already has approved a nearly identical measure crafted by Sen. Paul Boyer, R-Glendale. If the Senate concurs with the House version, that paves the way for the proposal to be signed by Gov. Doug Ducey, who has inked his approval to every other voucher expansion bill that has reached his desk.
That, however, may not be the last word.
Opponents pointed out that the last voucher expansion was overturned by voters in 2018 by a nearly 2 to 1 margin. And leaders of Save Our Schools Arizona, which led that successful referendum, have vowed to repeat that effort.
It wouldn’t take much: They would need to gather only 118,823 valid signatures within 90 days after the end of the session — likely meaning by the end of September at this point — to delay implementation until voters get the last word. And that can’t happen until 2024.
No matter what the fate of this measure, however, it won’t affect the rest of the state budget and, specifically, additional aid to public schools. Toma agreed to remove a requirement in his original plan which linked additional funds for K-12 education to the voucher bill taking effect and not being referred to the ballot.
Arizona lawmakers approved the first vouchers, officially called “empowerment scholarship accounts,” in 2011. Backers said they were necessary for students with special needs who could not get an adequate education in public schools.
State and federal courts ruled the structure of the plan — giving the money as vouchers for the parents to use — means it does not violate state constitutional provisions forbidding the state from giving money to private and parochial schools.
Since that time there has been an incremental expansion of eligibility, to the point where vouchers are now available to foster children, children of military families, reservation residents and students in schools rated D or F. Rep. Steve Kaiser, R-Phoenix, said extending that to everyone makes sense.
“I think that ‘one size fits all’ probably doesn’t work for all of our 1.1 million public school students across the state,” he said.
Less clear is how many students would take advantage of universal vouchers. Despite the broadened categories, fewer than 12,000 students now receive them.
One issue may be who is able to take advantage.
“Choice is only available for parents that have access to transportation,” said House Minority Leader Reginald Bolding, D-Laveen. “Choice is only available if a child is accepted into a private school.”
And a real key, he said, is whether the parents can afford the tuition charged by private schools, which can run far higher than the typical $7,000 voucher.
And Rep. Melody Herandez, D-Tempe, saw the idea as part of an “elaborate strategy” by those who run private schools to tap into state dollars.
“It’s important to note that education is a multi-billion dollar industry and there are many who seek to profit heavily through it, through private schools,” she said.
At the same time, Hernandez said, these unregulated private schools can determine who to accept “and what the curriculum and rhetoric in those private schools is.”
“This is about keeping people who are not wealthy and who oftentimes are people of color trapped with only schools that severely lack the resources to truly provide that student with the ability to succeed and thrive in our state,” she said.
Toma rejected any suggestion of racism.
“This is exactly the opposite,” he said. “This is giving everyone an opportunity to make full use of all their potential choices.
Toma cited testimony by Drew Anderson, senior pastor of Legacy Christian Center, who said private schools can be a path out of poverty as they were for him.
Hoffman suggested the reason parents want vouchers is they don’t like what public schools have become.
“I don’t have any problem with our public schools — except when they go down the ‘woke’ agenda that they have been recently,” he said. Hoffman has been a prime proponent of legislation to bar the use of what he calls “critical race theory” in public schools, a measure that would restrict how race and ethnicity can be taught.
That still leaves the question of whether voters, having rejected a similar measure in 2018, would make the same decision today.
Toma said this is different from that proposal, because it would have made vouchers available only to most — and not all — students. He said even voucher supporters rejected it amid concerns approving it would have permanently cemented the limits on who could get them into law.
Anyway, Toma said, what happened in 2018 is irrelevant.
“By that logic, then, the voters could never possibly change their mind,” he said.
Toma noted there were prior efforts to legalize marijuana for recreational use before it was finally approved in 2020. And he said just because voters reject a school bond or override does not mean they cannot be put on the ballot again.
Legislative budget staffers, in what they call a “highly speculative” analysis, said the cost to taxpayers could depend largely on how many students who already are in private schools using their own cash taking advantage of expanded vouchers. One estimate puts the cost by the third year of implementation at $125 million.
For students moving from public schools there would be minimal cost as the move would reduce state aid to that school.
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